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Datum
20-12-1936

Afzender
Gerrit Schaapman, Ripon (California)

Geadresseerde
Sjouke Johannes Hoogland, Leeuwarden

Engelse vertaling
Naamloos document

Frisian emigrants II-16.
G.H. Schaapman to Mr. S.J. Hoogland.

Ripon Calif. Dec. 20, 1936.
Dear Uncle and Aunt,

The year will end soon and if we wish to write we have to be quick.
The other day mother got a letter and uncle wrote that aunt was in hospital.
How are you doing now aunt, we hope better again.
Yes we should have written before, now it looks we are not interested but that is not true aunt, we often think of you but the writing there the matter rested.
With uncle's birthday mother and I wrote and on mothers birthday she got a letter from uncle and aunt.
But mother didn't talk about it except that she had to greet Paul van Til.
Later on we together wrote a letter to a woman in Denver Colo[rado] who's husband passed away.
Mother got an answer, I gave her that letter myself because her letters come in our box.
That letter was meant for all of us and mother let the other children first read it.
After 2 weeks she asked me if I had read the letter while she knew better [than that].
Aunt I didn't say anything about it but uncle and aunt I don't like it and that's why it is better that everyone writes his own letters.
The holidays started, Wednesday the children will have a school party and on Christmas the Sunday school  classes and the church.
We all are healthy which is a privilege because many people are ailing.
Gerrit's sister already has a weak health for 5 years now.
Four weeks ago she had a stroke, which was the third one, and one week later she had another stroke but now she is reasonably well.
Now she can sit up again.
She is suffering from a high blood pressure and Gerrit's brother also was ill.
He had removed all his teeth, his hair came off but it seems that he is recovered now.
Three times a week he goes to the doctor to get an injection.
Another brother of Gerrit has a nine years old daughter, she was suffering from a kidney disease for almost a year now, it looks not very good.
Well uncle and aunt I don't know what to write and Gerrit also has to write yet.
We all wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New 1937 and hope that you'll write back soon.
Greetings from all of us your loving niece Sadie.

Ripon California, Dec. 20-1936.
Dear Uncle and Aunt,

My wife says I also have to write, she did the best she could, now it is my turn she says, I don't have much news I think.
At first van Til asked me several times, that if I'll write, to greet you from him.
He said you live so beautiful there and he was with you with pleasure for some moments.
He said uncle is a very good talker and very educated and aunt is a very pleasant sensible woman as far as he could see in the short time he was with you.
According to his words we are much better off than the farmers in Holland.
Prices are pretty normal here again, the butter is a good price, the grain even abnormally high.
Oats and barley etc. cost over 2 cents a pound which is very expensive.
Good potatoes 3 cents a pound, beans 5 to almost 6 cents a pound and the expectations are that they even will rise.
We still have 236 sacks with beans to sell in the storage.
This is the produce of 12½ acres land ( 5 hectares), I think I'll get at least 6 cents a pound, so you can calculate it yourself 23,600 times 6 cents.
The other day we slaughtered a cow which weighted clean, after the offal was removed as there is the fat, heart, kidney's, liver and the head, 875 pounds.
I don't know if that is much in Holland: here it is pretty much.
Horses are very expensive here too.
The other day I bought one because one of mine had died.
It is just a small horse, however it is built well and a good worker, about 1400 pounds and about 10 years old which cost me 144 dollars.
In Holland it is not expensive I guess but here it is.
She is a little small to make a nice pair with the one I already had, because that one weighs about 1700 pounds.
Thijs has built a new barn since the old one burnt down and he bought another car, because it was burnt too.
Last week he also built a little building to put the car in, before he always had the car in the stable, so now he has a complete set of buildings again.
Jaantje and her husband traded in their car.
They got 350 dollars for the old one and had to pay 800 dollars [ for the new car], this way the dollars keep rolling.
Those cars mean a lot here, there is almost no one as poor or he has a car, one also can buy one easily on payments.
But there also happen a lot of accidents, the daily paper tells also daily about death and injured [people] as result of car accidents.
Ytje and her husband and children were here for a day last week, they all are well.
Roelof and his wife are healthy too.
Geertje and her husband are healthy too as far as I know.
They are married now for about 16 months, but when I should meet him in town I should not recognize him because I never met him yet.
A few weeks ago they visited us for a while on a Sunday afternoon while I was to the church.
They would visit mother but she was drinking coffee with my wife, so they came with us.
They say he is a nice man but I cannot judge about it.
These days there are many strikes, there is a strike in San Francisco, the dock laborers are on strike for a long time and it seems it won't be over for some time.
Yesterday I read in the paper that strike cost twice as much as the new bridge which cost over 77.000.000 [dollars].
I'll enclose a photo of the bridge with a small explanation.
Well Uncle and Aunt my sheet is almost full and I will stop now.
Through different circumstances it took a long time to finish the letter.
We started on Dec. 20-1936 and today it is Jan. 3rd: 1937.
With this we wish Uncle and Aunt a Happy New Year and hope that Aunt is recovered again.
Hearty greetings from all of us, yours affectionately nephew Gerrit.

[Small explanation.]
This is a portrait of the San Francisco bridge at night.
The bridge is 8½ miles long.
Total costs 77,600.000 dollars.
Used was 200,000 tons steel ( 1 ton is 2000 pounds), 1,000,000 cubic yards concrete, 800,000 liters paint, 51 piers under the bridge from which the smallest is as big as  a 3 story house and the biggest 242 feet under water level.
The towers on which the cables hang rise 515 feet above the water.
The cables contain 17,464 threads, each thread as thick as a pencil.
If these threads were bind to each other they could go around the world 3 times.
The bridge hangs 216 feet above the water.
There are two traffic-decks each 60 feet wide.
The upper deck has 6 car lanes, the lower deck has 3 lanes for trucks and two for trains.
The traffic over this bridge was the first few weeks after opening so busy that they calculated that the bridge could be paid in two years with the toll of 60 cents per car.
I mean that a mile is over 1600 Dutch meters.

[Text of the article]
Illumination on Bay Bridge Equal to 35 Full Moons.
Night photograph of San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, with San Francisco in Background.

“The mighty span flames like an incredible jewel.”
These are the San Francisco Examiner's words about the beauty and brilliance of the 1079 thousand-candlepower sodium vapor lamps on the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
The lighting system is highly efficient as well as beautiful. It illuminates the roadways brightly in all sorts of weather. Recently the press quoted bridge officials: “In their first trial against fog the sodium vapor lamps proved a success. Even when the fog was thickest they enable automobiles to travel 45 miles an hour with safety.”
This is the largest sodium vapor installation in the world and its illumination is the equivalent of thirty-five full moons.
What is the difference between sodium vapor light and that of incandescent lamps? Light from incandescent lamps contains all colors and requires a certain amount of averaging by the eyes, which do not react equally to all hues.
Sodium light contains only one color – yellow – so no averaging by the eyes is needed and the result is extremely acute vision at all times.
The sodium vapor lamp consists of a glass bulb twelve inches long and three inches in diameter, encased in a vacuum flask as protection against sudden changes in temperature. The bulb contains two electrodes, one at each end, plus sodium and a small percentage of neon.
When the lamp is switched on electric current flows from one electrode to the other, ionizing the neon and producing an orange-red light. The heat of the electrodes and the neon ionizes and vaporizes the sodium in about ten minutes and the light changes from red to yellow.