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Sjouke Hoogland, Adrian (Minnesota)

Sjouke Johannes Hoogland, St. Annaparochie

Engelse vertaling
Naamloos document

Frisian emigrants 49.
S. Hoogland to Hoogland family.

[Adrian MN] Sunday November 6, 1923.
Dear Uncle and Aunt.

When you'll receive this letter, may be the new year [19]24  already entered, nevertheless we'll count on that it starts on January 1st, and I wish you both a happy New Year.
You asked me more details about here isn't it?
Well I'll do my best to answer these [questions] as much as possible.
That Dutch  farmer, if he makes some profit, well that won't be very much I think, because he has a lot of debts.
If he didn't have them, he could save something and also certainly more than a lot of Dutch tenant farmers.
The farmers however had bad years last two years and this is the first year it is some better.
You also asked for the horses.
Well it is about the same hodge-podge mixture as in Friesland [Frisia].
There are heavy and less heavy horses.
Mostly they are of the upstream/home bred** breeds.
Some farmers here have some mules or a broncos ( tame wild horse).
Those last one's are a bit light, but very tough.
Most cows here are shorthorns or sometimes Holstein-Frisiano (Frisian) and Jersey's.
Farmers here have also a lot of pigs [to fatten], but this year they won't make money with it, because the corn is much too high in price in proportion to the pigs price.
Now something about the farmers woman.
She also is very busy.
She has to take care of the hens and that there will be a lot of chickens.
Further she often has to milk and to run a household.
Baking bread, pie and cake.
All this Sjoukje can do.
The farmer here lives the entire Summer [the sale] of the milk and the hens.
Corn, oats, flax and whatever there is must bring in the rent and the profit.
Again a happy New Year 1924.
Your nephew Sjouke.

[On the envelope is written] from S. Hoogland c/o John G. Bierma, Adrian, Route 4 box 14 Minn. US of A.


**He is talking about upstream breeds and I don't know if he means upstream in Frisia or in the U.S.A. May be he meant common home bred breeds.
Neal says: Two breeds that were common during that time were the Belgian and Percheron or mixtures of the two breeds. Neal thinks there were more Belgians than Percherons . There were
few saddle horses but a farmer might have on or two lighter horses to pull a sleigh in the winter or a surrey [ a 4 wheeled family wagon] with one or two seats holding a many 6 or more family members. A surrey might have a top of canvas.